The firm’s Lindsey Thurswell Lehr authored a guest column that appeared in the “Board of Contributors” page of today’s Daily Business Review, South Florida’s exclusive business daily and official court newspaper. The article, which was titlted “Ruling Reinforces Need to Abide by Contracts in Construction Disputes,” focused on a recent Florida appellate court ruling finding that property owners which forgo the contractual mechanisms for resolving construction disputes will not prevail in the state’s courts. Her article reads:
Strictly adhering to the modus operandi for addressing and resolving disputes that is codified in construction contracts is essential to prevailing in any resulting litigation.
The Florida Third District Court of Appeal recently reinforced the obligation of construction defect litigants to adhere to the terms of their contract, finding that property owners which forgo the contractual mechanisms for resolving disputes will not succeed in Florida’s courts.
The ruling by the Third DCA in the case of Magnum Construction Management v. City of Miami Beach relieved the contractor of liability for alleged safety concerns with a playground that it installed at the city’s South Pointe Park. The appellate panel ruled that the city did not give the contractor the opportunity to fix the purported issues with the playground as required under its contract. Instead, the court stated that the city replaced the playground in its entirety without considering that the safety concerns could have been corrected by the contractor.
The court’s decision in this case reinforces the importance of abiding by all contract terms and requirements in construction disputes. Construction contracts often allow the contractor which performed the work to have the opportunity to fix and cure any purported problems and defects. If a property owner ignores this contractual stipulation, as the city of Miami Beach appears to have done in this case, Florida’s courts are very likely to rule against them.
Lindsey’s article concludes:
The Third DCA also reversed the lower court’s landscaping defects award to the city for approximately $1.3 million. The trial court had concluded that the difference between its $1.3 million award and the $3 million sought by the city constituted a betterment for aspects “which improved upon and differed significantly from the original designs and specifications in the contract documents.”
However, the Third DCA found that the city had not cited any evidence as to the value of the betterments in its remediation plan or what it would have cost to restore to the condition set under the contract. It ruled that the city’s damages were speculative because it only provided the costs associated with the planning, permitting and construction of a park that is fundamentally different from the one it contracted for with Magnum Construction, i.e. a betterment.
The panel concluded that “the trial court speculated as to the value of the betterments in the city’s remediation plan and thus speculated in its ultimate calculation of the damages owed to the city in connection with the landscaping defects in the park.” In addition to reversing the lower court’s final judgment against Magnum for the alleged playground defects, it also reversed the court’s award of damages as to the landscaping defects and remanded the case for a new trial solely on the landscaping damages.
The takeaway from this aspect of the ruling for property owners is that they must provide clear evidence to support their damages calculations, which cannot be speculative or based on the costs for improvements that will be considered betterments.
Our firm congratulates Lindsey for sharing her insights into the takeaways from this ruling for property owners and construction contractors with the readers of the Daily Business Review. Click here to read the complete article in the newspaper’s website (registration required).